The History of the Drums
|The History of the Snare Drums
The earliest form of the snare drum was the medieval tabor. The tabor is a double headed drum. It often has one simple gut snare. The tabor was often played along with a three-holed pipe in the Middle Ages. Today this combination can still be found in modern European folk music.The tabor gradually increased in size during the 15th century. It emerged as a military instrument by the 16th century.It was popularized by the fife-and-drum corps of Swiss mercenary foot soldiers. This version of the drum was a large instrument carried over the player's right shoulder, suspended by a strap. It is to this instrument that English word "drum" was first used.Laces were used to increase the tension of the heads. It was accomplished by lacing a cord in a W or Y pattern around the shell. This method was replaced with the development of a top hoop. This hoop was used with tension screws, which could alter the tautness of the drumhead.Snare drums were primarily used as military instruments and are still associated with the infantry and the fife. They were introduced into other music in the 18th century when it was first used in the orchestra. In the 19th century it replaced the tenor drum of military bands.
History of the Bass Drums
The other bass drum was a long drum. The length of its cylinder was about twice the width of the diameter. This drum was changed until it resembled the other one during the course of the 19th century. Its shell was shortened and widened, and the shell was replaced with brass.
A cord was once used to attach the head of a drum to the shell. It was done by wrapping a cord around the border of skin that overlapped the shell. This was later replaced when the hoop was added to the head around which the excess skin was lapped.
Laces were used to increase the tension of the heads. It was accomplished by lacing a cord in a W or Y pattern around the shell. This method was replaced with the development of a top hoop. This hoop had tension screws, which could alter the tautness of the drumhead.
The bass drum was first introduced into European music in the 18th century. It came from the Turkish military music being produced at the time.